Brazilian Jiu Jitsu History
Gracie Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is
an efficient and practical self-defense system and martial art that
incorporates the use of joint manipulation, chokes, and other various
submissions. The techniques and skills can be used effectively against
adversaries of any size as students learn to use leverage and technique to
overcome larger and stronger opponents.
In 1914, Japanese Jiu Jitsu
Champion Esai Maeda migrated to Brazil
where he was instrumental in establishing a Japanese immigrant community. Here
he taught Jiu Jitsu to Carlos Gracie and his four brothers, and in 1925, they
opened the first Jiu Jitsu academy in Brazil.
One of the brothers, Helio
Gracie paid special attention to leverage within the art, making it possible
for a smaller opponents like himself (135 lbs) to defeat a larger one. He and
his brothers began modifying and enhancing the basic techniques to make them
effective for a person regardless of his/her stature. Thus began the
development of a new and more effective art – Gracie Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.