Architecture and Community Design Courses
Architecture and community design encompasses diverse forms of engagement with society and the environment. Each of these raises important questions about the principles, purpose, and practice of architecture. Through lectures, readings, and walking tours, we will explore these questions and establish a solid foundation for continuing academic study in the ARCD program.
This is the first semester of a two-year sequence, which provides conceptual and analytical tools to understand the morphology of buildings and cities. Social justice, underserved communities and developing regions of the world are equally emphasized alongside the more traditional view of focusing on the "great buildings" in history.
This is the second semester of a two-year sequence, which provides the conceptual and analytical tools to interpret the morphology of the built environment from the macro scale of cities to the micro scale of buildings. The social role and cultural significance of architecture is explored alongside the formal and technological aspects of the discipline.
Art + Architecture Fabrication Lab, a required course for students majoring in Architecture, Fine Arts and Design, offers students supervised professional construction and safety training using the Fabrication tools and equipment. Students complete a variety of practical construction-based projects to develop and practice proper material and tool use. The conceptual, theoretical and practical instruction received in this course will prepare students for studio-based course work and provide future access to the tools and labs in the Department of Art + Architecture. Cross-listed with ART 104.
Students are introduced to all the major drawing conventions, learning to coordinate a range of drawing types and techniques from free-hand sketching to drafting by hand and with computer. The course begins with contour drawing (line weight, overlap, scale), then tone drawing (shade and shadow), then orthographic projection and perspective. It is a learning to observe and represent what you see kind of course and is preparatory for the more advanced design studios. Students are expected to keep a sketchbook, which they may use in conjunction with other courses, as a place to examine various forms of representation as part of their design process.
Students will engage in an active interrogation of the city, understanding its structure and patterns and simultaneously uncovering the social imperatives of its residents. They will learn how to use the tools and conventions of representation and apply them creatively and rigorously in the examination of the city at different scales and in varying contexts. Through small-scale design projects, students will evolve designs based on research and exploration and a critical reading of the built environment that takes into account aspects of ecology and landscape.
This is an introductory course to the art, science and practical implementation of community gardening techniques. Students study local community-supported agriculture programs, analyze different models for urban garden projects, and develop and hold community garden design meetings. Based on research, field trips, first-hand study of the university garden site and hosting of university-wide meetings, students will produce a draft proposal for the university garden by the end of the semester.
The intention of this course is to develop an understanding of architectonics. Lectures and studio projects explore the concepts of dimension, scale, and order. Design investigations are assigned to develop methods for analysis, articulation of space, relationships of scale, and clarity of structure.
Architectonics will focus on improving both representational and conceptual skills, viewing their mastery as interdependent. Three core semester projects will provide a framework for investigating how to conceptualize, construct, and represent complex architectural space. Our projects will not necessarily begin with a priori concepts, but with a theme, collective and personal, that is to be investigated through construction and representation.
An interesting introduction to a topic in the field of Architecture and Community Design.
This is the third semester of a two-year sequence, which examines architectural production, drawing from significant precedents from antiquity to the present. Social, political, economic and cultural issues of cities and buildings are equally emphasized, as are formal and technological processes.
This is the fourth semester of a two-year sequence that studies building typologies and urban patterns using the example of the world's cities and their histories. Cities and buildings resulting from the dominance of wealth and power are important, but so too are settlement patterns, streets, buildings, homes and gardens of all peoples through history.
The landscape architecture studio provides students with the opportunity to explore landscape ideas through an iterative design process: site analysis and observation, informal interviews of users, critical thinking, and a final synthesis of information. Through class discussions, walking tours, sketchbook investigations, site observation and informal interviews, students will develop a landscape design proposal and verbally and graphically communicate their ideas for specific campus sites.
This studio introduces students to design issues at different scales of urban complexity. In part one of the studio, students explore the "grain" of the city--the individual dwelling unit--its history, place and relationship to the larger urban fabric. In part 2, they continue to examine aspects of living in the city through design projects that deal with multi-family housing and issues of affordability and social justice.
Through a consideration of land use, housing, natural resources, environmental factors, aesthetics and comfort, students will develop a critique of the architecture on the urban fringe. Students will be introduced to alternative methods of design and building in contrast to accepting normative practices as a given. They will be introduced to vernacular, contemporary and renewable construction methods and how they relate to building type, location, life-cycle and design issues. Students will develop individual projects, which follow the design process from schematice presentation through design development and basic construction documents.
CADD 1 is an introductory course in Computer Aided Design and Drawing in VectorWorks, a CADD program for both the Mac and PC platforms that integrates 2D, 3D, and hybrid objects in the same drawing. The class will cover both line drawing and 3D modeling techniques.
The BIM and Applications course uses Revit to reveal how Building Information Modeling and Integrated Project Delivery work in tandem to produce a highly collaborative design process. As students gain an understanding of how design problems are solved using this approach, they also acquire a powerful visualization and design development tool which can be used in other studios and portfolio refinement.
One-time offerings of special interest courses in architecture and community design.
This course will develop an understanding of digital tools and strategies, which engage and expand the design process, with the primary goal of utilizing the computer as a fluid, critical investigative tool. We will examine the impact of digital strategies, methodologies and practices on the work of contemporary architects, with individual research into modes of representation and its impact on tectonic development. Cross-listed with ENVA 300.
An understanding of the basic properties of major construction materials is fundamental to becoming an effective architect or engineer. This course will introduce students to the properties, applications and design considerations of common construction materials. The course will be a lecture format supplemented by readings, field trips, laboratory experiments, exams and individual research projects. While designed primarily for students of Architecture, the course is also a rigorous introduction to civil engineering materials.
This lecture course introduces students to energy and environmental issues as they relate to the built environment and the materials used to construct buildings. An overview of the basic principles of energy flow and energy use will be provided, as well as the fundamental climatic patterns and variables that have significant impact on building performance and occupant comfort. Passive building designs will be covered for each of the major global climate zones and students will be exposed to the underlying complexity of developing architectural solutions that address a wide range of local and global environmental concerns. Students will study the cultural and technological factors that have driven advances in efficiency and reduced environmental impact. The applicability of passive architecture, especially vernacular forms, as a means of furthering social justice and energy independence of occupants, will be emphasized in the course. Prerequisites: Physics 110 or 130 AND Mathematics 107 or 109.
This lab course explores energy and environmental issues as they relate to the built environment and the materials used to construct buildings in a skills oriented hand-on manner. Students will calculate and experiment with the basic principles of energy flow. How to interpret climatic patterns and variables affecting building performance and occupant comfort will be explored through student design proposals and research. Exploration of the principles of lighting, heating, cooling and detailing through interactive exercises, small group discussion and workshop oriented investigation will provide a practical counterpart to the lecture portion of this class. Prerequisites: Physics 110 or 130 AND Mathematics 107 or 109.
This course will provide an interdisciplinary overview of Sustainable Design by presenting a historical and contemporary overview of ecological living practices through lecture, readings, guest speakers, and field trips. Topics include: Bioregion assessments, Sustainable communities, Environmental and Social justice, Permaculture, Native Science, Biomimicry, Urban Gardens and Food Security, Ecoliteracy and Primary Education, Global Economies, Environmental Preservation and Restoration vs. Development, The Global Environment, Impact of Developed Countries consumptive patterns, City Planning, and Green Business and Manufacturing.
This course explores the history, principles and techniques of successful "greenworld" design. Course includes slide lectures, extensive field trips, guest artist presentations, and hands-on campus design projects.
A thorough introduction to Landscape Architecture as the discipline of designing and mediating between natural and built environments, and utilizing knowledge from arts and sciences to create quality outdoor community spaces. Lectures supplemented by field trips and small studio projects. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing.
This course sends students overseas for a semester to apply their skills of analysis, interpretation and design in a new cultural setting with its backdrop of social, political and environmental issues. Models for design that the students have honed over the course of the previous three studios will be adjusted and evolve in the face of the particularities and demands of another place, people and history. Student designers will be asked to propose alternative building strategies that could respond to and generate new patterns of living.
International Projects provides students an opportunity to provide design assistance to international underserved communities, while gaining real world experience in the fields of architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning. The course combines student development of an understanding and appreciation for contextual and cultural needs with the acquisition of professional practice skills.
This studio will deal with the identity of public buildings and their intersection with the social, cultural and political realities, directions and aspirations of their communities. Through an analysis of context and program, and a critical appreciation of building precedents, students will provide architectural solutions that explore the design of collective space, institutional form, building structure and materiality. Throughout the studio, the emphasis will be on understanding and devising design processes that enable an analytical and rigorous approach to architectural design.
Structural engineering is an essential component of building design. The goal of this course is to familiarize architecture students with structural engineering principles, so that they can incorporate them into their design processes. This will enable them to see structural engineering as an integral part of the process, rather than something separate that occurs after the "design work" is done. From their unique perspective as architecture students, students will find ways to question and challenge structural engineering principles that an engineering student may not. Students will become familiar with the many concepts and considerations needed in order to be a better designer, architect, planner, engineer, or related professional.
Construction Innovation Lab pairs student teams with real world design/build projects in local and international underserved communities, where innovation in technology and building systems is required to best serve the needs of the partnering community. The course combines student acquisition of cultural competency with professional practice.
This course is designed as a companion to Construction Innovation Lab (ARCD 370), providing students with the tools to technically analyze and perform materials research for their innovative design solutions. Student projects will focus on local and international underserved communities, where innovation in technology and building systems is required to best serve the needs of the partnering community. Students will be expected to utilize knowledge gained in introductory engineering courses to establish parameters and quantitatively summarize material and structural behaviors. Prerequisites: ARCD 310 and ARCD 360.
One-time offerings of special interest courses in architecture and community design.
Student involvement in real architecture design/build projects for non-profits, schools, and municipalities in the Bay Area and internationally. In this studio class students take on a larger urban or rural design problem. Through extensive fieldwork, students obtain the requisite understanding of the role of community design in underserved communities and the larger urban forces involved. The projects may be local, national, or international and are intended to lead to student participation and leadership in a community building process.
The discipline of architecture is as centered on its discourse-writing and verbalizing-as it is on building production. Through this course students will investigate the various approaches to writing about their work and establish a distinct focus of future professional inquiry. The class will examine how other architects have presented their work through publication and look at how the architectural press covers the work of architects. Students will then delve into their own projects to create a snapshot of their work projected in the form of a portfolio.
Student internships with architecture firms, non-profit low-income housing developers, municipal planning or building departments, and social and environmental justice oriented organizations. Through the practicum and internship process, students will obtain the experience of working with a range of populations with varying needs, the meaning of professionalism, and the place of community design in the larger context of urban design.
A career in architecture is a series of choices about the complex relationship amongst architecture, society, and the environment. Students will reflect on these choices in the context of professional practice, as well as their own interests, skills, and opportunities.